What is Type 1 diabetes?
Type 1 diabetes is a disease of the body’s immune system (which protects against infection by destroying harmful organisms). Because of this disease, the immune system mistakenly destroys certain cells (called beta cells) of the pancreas. (Scientists believe that, in type 1 diabetics, the immune system mis-identifies the beta cells and destroys them in its normal process of fighting viruses.) When there are no beta cells left, the body can’t produce insulin, and so the patient must take it, usually by injection. It was once thought that children and young adults are diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes but now it is realized that it can occur at any age.
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What is Type 2 diabetes ?
Type 2 diabetes, also known as non-insulin-dependent diabetes, or adult onset diabetes, might account for about 90 percent to 95 percent of all diagnosed cases of diabetes. It usually begins as insulin resistance, a disorder in which, although the body is producing insulin, the cells are not using it properly. As the need for insulin increases, the pancreas gradually loses its ability to produce it. Type 2 diabetes is generally associated with older age, obesity, family history of diabetes, history of gestational diabetes, impaired glucose metabolism, physical inactivity, and race or ethnicity. Type 2 diabetes can occur in children as well.
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What is gestational diabetes ?
Gestational diabetes is found only in pregnant women, and it usually disappears after the birth of the baby. Women who have had the disease are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes than women who have not had it.
Scientists believe that being physically active and maintaining a healthy weight helps prevent the development of type 2 diabetes in women who have had this form of the disease.
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What is an Insulin Pump?
An insulin pump is a small device about the size of a small cell phone that is worn externally and can be discreetly clipped to your belt or slipped into a pocket. It delivers precise doses of rapid-acting insulin to closely match your body’s needs.
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What is a Continuous Glucose Monitor (CGM)?
An Continuous Glucose Monitor (CGM) uses a tiny sensor inserted under the skin to check glucose levels in tissue fluid. The sensor stays in place for several days to a week and then must be replaced. A transmitter sends information about glucose levels via radio waves from the sensor to a pagerlike wireless monitor. As well as showing your current blood glucose level, the CGM will show whether your blood glucose level is trending up or down.
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